True Peace - Perek 54
Yeshayahu describes a time when Yerushalayim will be the center again for her children and for the Torah center of the world.
וְכָל-בָּנַיִךְ, לִמּוּדֵי ה׳; וְרַב, שְׁלוֹם בָּנָיִךְ
And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of thy children.
Chazal comment on this pasuk, something which we say quite frequently, in the prayer of Pitum Haketores.
Talmud Bavli Brachos 64b
אמר רבי אלעזר אמר רבי חנינא תלמידי חכמים מרבים שלום בעולם שנאמר (ישעיהו נד, יג) וכל בניך למודי ה' ורב שלום בניך אל תקרי בניך אלא בוניך
Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi Ḥanina said: Torah scholars increase peace in the world, as it is said: “And all your children [banayikh] shall be taught of the Lord, and great shall be the peace of your children” (Isaiah 54:13). If all the children of Israel are taught of the Lord, there will be peace for all.
The Sages interpreted this verse homiletically: Do not read your children [banayikh], but your builders [bonayikh].
The burning question is that this doesn't seem altogether correct. Aren't the sages arguing all the time? Aren't they the reason for less peace in the world?
Rav Kook, in his explanation of the Siddur, Olas Reiyah, notes that Shalom - Peace - does not mean a monolythic system. Shalom comes from the word Shleimus - completion. To have completion, one must address all perspectives. What the sages are doing in their discussions and arguments is really revealing all the facets of the incredible jewel of the Torah and hence introducing a greater level of Shleimus.